The Responses of the Qur’ān to the Contemporary Needs: An Investigation of the Possibility of Generalizing the Verses on Slave Release to Financially Liable Prisoners' Release

Document Type: Scholary

Author

Associate Professor, the Department of the Qur’ānic Studies, the Research Institute of Ḥawzah and University, Qom, Iran

Abstract

One of the serious problems in the Islamic societies that has usually worried the rulers and has bothered the religious scholars and authorities is the existence of non-criminal prisoners who have been sentenced to prison simply because of financial liability. On the other hand, the Holy Qur’ān has called itself the explainer of everything. That is to say, whatever needed to guide the human to bliss in his worldly and otherworldly social life can be found in the Qur’ān. The article at hand aims at exploring the Qur’ān to find out if there is any solution in the Qur’ān for releasing the financially liable prisoners who have been prisoned in some cases due to a misfortune such as non-intentional homicide and don’t have the ability to pay the blood money to the avengers of blood. The result obtained based on the thematic interpretation and the legist principle "the ruling criterion in the noble qur’ānic verses is the generality of the language rather than the particularity of the case" is that we can generalize the qur’ānic verses on the slave release to setting free the merely financially liable prisoners. At the end, four solutions have been extracted from the Holy Qur’ān for releasing the merely financially liable prisoners.

Keywords


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