An Investigation of the Impact of Ecology and the Role of Environmental Factors on Human Morality and Behavior from the Viewpoint of the Qur’ān and Nahj al-Balāgha

Document Type: Scholary

Authors

1 MA holder, al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, the Department of Qur’ān and Ḥadīth Sciences, al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Attention paid by the divine religions to the refinement of human morality and behavior has accentuated the necessity for investigating the role of environmental factors, in line with the orders of the Noble Qur’ān and Nahj al-Balāgha. In this regard, figuring out the doctrinal and practical principles of these two precious books depicts the dos and don’ts that should be formed for the environmental factors to refine the behavior. Ecological basics of the Qur'ān and Nahj al-Balāgha and the role, effect, and importance of environmental factors in refining the human morality have been explored in this article with a descriptive-analytical method. Ecology studies the effect of geographical and social factors on human thoughts and morality. According to the ecological application of the Qur’ān and Nahj al-Balāgha, the effects of natural and social environments do not change the basic principles of human nature like free will, but they bring about etiquettes, customs, and rules that can influence all life aspects of people. Therefore, individuals who live in an improper and polluted environment are away from divine forgiveness, and the only way considered for them to be freed and saved is that they desert and leave that environment.     

Keywords


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