The Necessity of Debt and Transaction Recordation from the Viewpoint of the Qur’ān

Document Type : Scholary


1 Assistant Professor, the Department of Jurisprudence and Islamic Law Principles, Islamic Azad University of Hamidan, Hamidan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, The Department of Jurisprudence and Islamic Law Principles, the University of Qom, Qom, Iran


The execution and recordation of transaction and debt deeds is one of the main solutions to bring organization into the Iranian judiciary. To this end and in order to guarantee people's rights and reduce the disputes, the notary public offices undertake the important task of executing the transaction and debt deeds. The study at hand aims at investigating the qur’ānic viewpoints on the necessity of recording the debt and transaction deeds and wants to find the qur’ānic solutions for the recordation of these deeds. Relying on the opinions of outstanding Imāmīte jurists, this study has found out that although some scholars have ruled for the desirability of the debt recordation, the majority of scholars have relied on the imperative sentence "reduce them to writing" (Qur’ān 2:282) to rule for the general obligation of the debt recordation. It has been even deemed necessary not to forget recording the small non-cash deals because the advantage of deed execution is that it guarantees the implementation of justice in society and the establishment of a healthy economy. According to the common opinion, the scribes and witnesses should be secure and immune. Any act that harms them should be avoided, because causing damages to them means disobedience of God and leads to wickedness in transactions.


The Noble Qur’ān
‘Āmilī, M. (1991), Al-Durūs al-shar‘īyyah fī fiqh al-Imāmīyyah. Qom, the Office of Islamic Publications.
Anṣārī, M. (1993), Kitāb al-makāsib. Qom, Dehāqānī Publications.
Ardibīlī, A. (1982), Majma‘ al-Fā’idah wa al-Burhān fī sharḥ Irshād al-Adhhān. Qom, the office of Islamic Preaching Publications.
Fāḍil Jawād, J. (1988), Masālik al-afhām ilā Āyāt al-aḥkām. Tehran, Murtaḍawīyyah Publications.
Fāḍil Miqdād, M. (2005), Kanz al-‘irfān fī fiqh al-Qur’ān. Tehran, Murtaḍawīyyah Publications.
Fakhr Rāzī, M. (1999), Mafātīḥ al-ghayb. Beirut, Dār Iḥyā’ al-Turāth al-‘Arabī.
Feīḍ, A. (1991), A comparative study of general penal laws in Islam. Tehran, Mīzān Publications.
Gurjī, A. (2004), Legal injunctions of the Qur’ān. Tehran, Mīzān Publications.
Ḥillī, Ḥ. (1990), Tadhkirah al-fuqahā’. Qom, Mu’assisah Āl al-Bayt (a).
Ḥurr ‘Amilī, M. (1995), Wasā’il al-Shī‘a ilā taḥṣīl masā’il al-sharī‘ah. Qom, Mu’assisah Āl al-Bayt (a).
Jaṣṣāṣ Rāzī, A. (1994), Aḥkām al-Qur’ān. Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmīyyah.
Jawādī Āmūlī, A. (2007), Tafsīr tasnīm. Qom, Isrā’ Publications.
Khazā’ilī, M. (1982), Aḥkām al-Qur’ān. Tehran, Jāwīdān Publications.
Khurāsānī, M. (1994), Kifāyah al-uṣūl. Qom, The Institute of Islamic Publications.
Mudīr Shānechī, K. (2006), Legal injections of the Qur’ān. Tehran, SAMT publications.
Muntaẓirī, Ḥ. (1994), Nahāyah al-uṣūl. Tehran, Tafakkur Publications.
Mūsawī Khumeinī, R. (2000), Taḥrīr al-wasīlah. Qom, Dār al-‘Ilm.
Muẓaffar, M. (1984), Uṣūl al-fiqh. Qom, Dānesh Publications.
Najafī, M. (1943), Jawāhir al-kalām fī sharḥ sharāyi‘ al-Islām. Beirut, Dār Iḥyā’ al-Turāth al-‘Arabī.
Qurṭabī, M. (1991), Al-Jāmi‘ li aḥkām al-Qur’ān. Beirut, Al-Risālah Institute.
Shahrī, Gh. (2010), Deeds and real-estate registration laws. Tehran, Jahād Dāneshgāhī Publications.
Ṭabrisī, F. (1993), Majma‘ al-bayān li‘ulūm al-Qur’ān. Tehran, Nāṣir Khusru Publications.
Id. (1998), Tafsīr jawāmi‘ al-jāmi‘. Tehran, the University of Tehran Press and the Qom Ḥawzah management.
Ṭūsī, A. (1911), Al-Tibyān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān. Lebanon, Dār Iḥyā’ al-Turāth al-‘Arabī.