An Interpretive Investigation of the Geographical Expanse of Prophets’ Appointment in the Warning Verses

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Theology, Mufid University,Qom, Iran

2 Master’s Holder in Qur’ānic Knowledge, Mufid University,Qom, Iran

Abstract

The appearance of some qur’ānic verses implies the inclusion of all places of the earth by the Divine Revelation. However, this implication disagrees with the historical propositions. This disagreement can be investigated either historically or interpretively (i.e. without the consideration of historical reports). This article adopts the second approach and examines the respective qur’ānic verses, while taking for granted the historical propositions on the non-inclusiveness of the divine revelation. The inspection of the three terms “nadhīr”, “umma”, and “rasūl” in the related verses indicates that there is no contradiction between the qur’ānic verses and the accepted historical facts.

Keywords


The noble Qur’ān.

Nahj al-balāgha (1993). Edited by ‘Alī Naqī Fayḍ al-Islām, Qom, Hijrat.

The Bible (n.d.). n.p, Bible Society of Iran.

Abū al-Fatḥ Rāzī, Ḥ. (1988), Rawḍ al-jinān wa rūḥ al-janān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān. Mashhad, Islamic Research Foundation of Āstān Quds Raḍawaī.

Abū Na‘īm Aṣbahānī, A. (1985), Ḥilyat al-awliyā’ wa tabaqāt al-aṣfiyā’. Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-‘Arabī.

Aḥsā’ī, A. (1985), ‘Awālī al-Li‘ālī. Qom, Dār Sayyid al-Shuhadā’.

Anṣārī, J. (2000), Mughnī al-labīb ‘an kutub al-a‘ārīb. Edited by Māzan Mubārak and Muḥammad ‘Alī Ḥamdullāḥ, Qom, Sayyid al-Shuhdā’.

Ashrafī Tabrīzī, M. (2002), The translation of the Qur’ān. Tehran, Jāwīdān Publications.

‘Askarī, M. (2005), ‘Alī’s wilāyat in the noble Qur’ān and the Prophet’s sunna. Qom, Uṣūl al-Dīn College.

Āyatī, A. (1996), Umm kitāb (the translation of the Qur’ān). Tehran, Surūsh Publications.

Baḥrānī, H. (1995), Al-Burḥān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān. Edited by Qism al-Dirāsāt al-Islāmiyya Mu’assisa al-Bi‘that, Tehran, Bi‘that Foundation.

Barzī, A. (1962), The translation of the Qur’ān. Tehran, The Qur’ān Foundation.

Bayhaqī, A. (1989), Shu‘ab al-’īmān. Beirut, Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyya.

Bukhārī, A. (1987), Al-Jāmi‘ al-ṣaḥīḥ al-mukhtaṣar (Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī). Edited by Muṣṭafā Dīb al-Baghā, Beirut, Dār Ibn Kathīr.

Fārsī, J. (1991), The translation of the Qur’ān. Tehran, Anjām Kitāb.

Faṭāl, M. (n.d.), Rawḍa al-wā‘iẓīn. Qom, Dār al-Raḍī.

Fayḍ Kāshānī, M. (1997), Al-Aṣfā fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-karīm. Qom, The center for Islamic Preaching Publications.

Fūlādwand, M. (1994), The translation of the Qur’ān. Edited by the Faculty members of Dār al-Qur’ān al-Karīm (the Center for Islamic Knowledge and History Studies), Tehran, Dār al-Qur’ān al-Karīm.

Ḥamīdī, M. (2002), Al-Jam‘ bayn al- Ṣaḥīḥayn al-Bu’ārī wa Muslim. Edited by ‘Alī Ḥusayn al-Bawāb, Beirut, Dār al-Nashr and Dār Ibn Ḥazm.

Ḥusaynī Shīrāzī, M. (2002), Tabyīn al-Qur’ān. Beirut, Dār al- ‘Ulūm.

Jazāyirī, M. (1991), Muntaha al-dirāya fī tawḍīḥ al-kifāya. Qom, n.p.

Ibn ‘Āshūr, M. (n.d.), Al-Taḥrīr wa al-tanwīr. n.p., n.p.

Ibn Ḥanbal, A. (n.d.), Musnad al-Imām Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal. Cairo, Qurṭaba Institute.

Ibn Shu‘ba Ḥarrānī, Ḥ. (1984), Tuḥf al-‘uqūl. Qom, Al-Nashr al-Islāmī Institute.

Khājawī, M. (1989), The translation of the Qur’ān. Tehran, Mawlā Publications.

Khaṣībī, Ḥ. (1998), Al-Hidāya al-kubrā. Beirut, Al-Bilāgh.

Khazzāz Rāzī, A. (1981), Kifāya al-athar fī al-naṣ ‘alā al-A’imma al-Ithnā ‘Ashar. Edited by ‘Abd al-Laṭīf Ḥusaynī Kuhkamarī, Qom, Bīdār.

Khumaynī, Ḥ. (2012). The essence of meaning: An examination of the principle “establishing words to account for the essence of meanings.” Edited by Muḥammad Ḥasan Mukhbir and Maḥmūd Ṣādiqī, Tehran, Iṭilā‘āt Publications.

Kūfī, A. (1988), Al-Muṣannaf fī al-aḥādīth wa al-āthār. Edited by Kamāl Yūsuf al-Ḥūt. Riyadh, Maktabat al-Rushd.

Kulaynī, M. (1946), Al-Kāfī. Edited by ‘Alī Akbar Ghaffārī and Muḥammad Ākhūndī, Tehran, Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya.

Majlisī, M. (1984), Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut, Mu’assisa Alwafā’.

Ma‘rifat, M. (2007), Al-Tamhīd fī ‘ulūm al-Qur’ān. Qom, Al-Tamhīd Institute.

Maybudī, R. (1993), Kashf al-asrār wa ‘uddat al-abrār. Edited by ‘Alī Asghar Ḥikmat, Tehran, Amīr Kabīr Publications.

Mufīd, M. (1992), Al-Fuṣūl al-Mukhtāra. Qom, Al-Mu’tamar al-‘Ālamī lil-Shaykh al-Mufīd.

Mughniya, M. (2003), Tafsīr al-kāshif. Tehran, Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya.

Mūsawī Hamidānī, M. (1996), The translation of Tafsīr al-mīzān. Qom, Islamic Publication Institute, affiliated to the Jāmi‘a al-Mudarrisīn of Qom Ḥawza.

Muṣṭafawī, Ḥ. (1982), Al-Taḥqīq fī kalimāt al-Qur’ān al-karīm. Tehran, Book Translation and Publication Agency.

Nā’īnī, M. (1991), Ajwad al-taqrīrāt. Edited by Abu al-Qāsim Khu’ī, n.p., Religious Publications Institute.

Nu‘mānī, M. (1977), Al-Ghayba. Tehran, Al-Ṣadūq Publications.

Pāyandi, A. (n.d.), The translation of the Qur’ān, n.p., n.p.

Pūr Jawādī, K. (1993), The translation of the Qur’ān. Tehran, The Foundation for the Great Islamic Encyclopedia.

Qumī, A. (1989), Tafsīr Qumī. Edited by Ṭayyib Musawī Jazāyirī, Qom, Dār al-Kitāb.

Qushayrī Nayshābūrī, M. (n.d.), Ṣaḥīh Muslim. Edited by Muḥammad Fu’ād ‘Abd al-Bāqī. Beirut, Dār Iḥyā’ al-Turāth al-‘Arabī.

Rāghib Iṣfahānī, Ḥ. (1991), Al-Mufradāt fī gharīb al-Qur’ān. Edited by Ṣafwān ‘Adnān Dāwūdī, Beirut, Dār al-‘Ilm – Dār al-Shāmiyya.

Ṣadiqī Tihrānī, M. (1987), Al-Furqān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān bil-Qur’ān. Qom, Islamic Culture Publications.

Ṣadūq, M. (1997), Al-Amālī. Tehran, Kitābchī.

Id. (1983), Al-Khiṣāl. Qom, Islamic Publication Institute, affiliated to Qom Jāmi‘a al-Mudarrisīn.

Id. (n.d.), ‘Ilal al-sharāyi‘, Qom, Maktabat al-Dāwarī.

Id. (1958), ‘Uyūn akhbār al-Riḍā (a). n.p., Dār al-‘Ilm lil-Nashr (Jahān).

Id. (1975), Kamāl al-Dīn. Qom, Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya.

Id. (1992), Man lāya ḥzuruhū al-faqīh. Qom, Islamic Publication Institute, affiliated to Qom Jāmi‘a al-Mudarrisīn.

Ṣaffār, M. (1984), Baṣā’ir al-darajāt. Qom, Maktabat Āyatullāh al-Mar‘ashī.

Sajjādī, J. (2001), A dictionary of Mullā Ṣadrā’s Philosophical terms. Tehran, Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.

Id. (1995), A dictionary of Islamic knowledge. Tehran, University of Tehran Publications.

Sha‘rānī, A. (1996), The translation of the Qur’ān. Tehran, Islāmiyya Publications.

Shīrāzī, Ṣ. (Ṣadr al-Muti’allihīn) (n.d.). Al-Ḥāshiya ‘alā Ilāhiyyāt al-Shifā’. Qom, Bīdār Publications.

Id. (1981), Al-Ḥikma al-muti‘āliya fi al-asfār al-‘aqliyya al-arba‘a. Beirut, Dār Iḥyā’ al-Turāth.

Ṭabarānī, S. (1984), Al-Mu‘jam al-kabīr. Mūṣil, Maktabat al-‘Ulūm wa al-Ḥikam.

Ṭabarī, M. (n.d.), Dalā’il al-Imāma. Qom, Dār al-Dhakhā’ir lil-Maṭbū‘āt.

Ṭabāṭabā’ī, M. (1996), Al-Mizān fī tafsīr al-Qur’ān. Qom, Islamic Publication Institute, affiliated to the Jāmi‘a al-Mudarrisīn of Qom Ḥawza.

Ṭabrisī, A. (1983), Al-Iḥtijāj. Mashhad, Nashr al-Murtaḍā.

Ṭāhirī Qazwīnī, A. (2002), The translation of the Qur’ān. Tehran, Qalam Publications.

Tamīmī Bustī, A. (1993), Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥabbān bitartīb ibn. Balbān. Edited by Shu‘ayb Arnawūṭ, Beirut, Mu’assisa al-Rasāla.

Ṭurayḥī, F. (1997), Majma‘ al-baḥrayn. Tehran, Murtaḍawī Publications.

Ṭūsī, K. (1997), Sharḥ al-ishārāt wa al-tanbīhāt ma‘a al-muḥkamāt. Qom, Al-Balāgha Publications.

Ṭūsī, M. (1990), Al-Ghayba. Qom, Al-Ma‘ārif al-Islāmiyya Institute.