The Relationship Between Ways of Attaining the Truth in the Mathnawi of Maulawi

Document Type : Scholary


1 Department of Religions and Mysticism, faculty of Theology and Islamic Studies, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Religions and Mysticism, Faculty of Theology and Islamic Studies, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran



One of the important topics in Sufism and Islamic mysticism is the ways to reach the truth. The MathnawīiMa'navi of Maulawi is one of the most prominent mystical works in the Islamic tradition, in which the goal of the mystic journey and the ways of arriving at the Truth are discussed. Considering the importance of the ways of attaining the truth on the one hand and considering the importance of The MathnawīiMa'navi on the other hand, this article aims to investigate "The Ways of Attaining the Truth in the Mathnawi of Maulawi" with an analytical method. Maulawi calls a person sometimes through action and performing religious duties, sometimes through knowledge, and sometimes through Grace and submission to the truth. According to the Mathnawi, there is a mutual and two-way relationship between these ways, so that the possibility of separating one from the other seems unreasonable. One who acts without knowledge is only in the realm of the external senses. Knowledge is born of action. Selfless action is the same as having knowledge. Also, grace is not realized in a field far from action and knowledge. Action and knowledge also evolve only with grace. This article, which is written with analytical-descriptive method, shows that Mathnawī I Ma'navi of Maulawi has presented a new theory and initiative in transcendental wisdom in the matter of attaining and the problem of ways of attaining the supreme truth. For this reason, it can be said that Maulawi was the first mystical thinker to introduce Seleucid thinking and important proof reflections about the truth and the ways to reach the supreme truth with these elements. Therefore, Mathnawī I Ma'navi of Maulawi has a metaphysical interpretation of religious practices.


Main Subjects

Aflākial- ‘Arefi, Sh. (2006), The Feats of the Knowers of God: (Manāqeb Al-‘Arefin). Edited by T. yāzichi‚ Tehrān, NashriDonyāiKetāb.
Akbarābādi‚ W.M. (1957)‚ SharḥiMathnawiiMaulawiMausoombe Makhzan al-Asrār. Edited by N. Māyel Heravi‚ Tehrān, NashriGhaṭreh.
‛Attār‚ F. (2000), Tadhkirat Al-Auliyā (Memorial of the Saints). Tehrān, Intisharati Zavvār.
Forūzānfar‚ B. (1997), Resāla dar taḥqiqi aḥwāl wa zendagānii Maulānā Jalāl-al-Dīn. Tehrān, Intisharati Zavvār.
Id. (1998), SharḥiMathnawii Sharif (Explication of Rūmi’s Mathnawi)‚ Tehrān, Intisharati Zavvār.
Homāi‚ Jalālal-Dīn‚ (1983). Maulawi Nāmeh‚ Tehrān: IntisharatiᾹgāh.
Id. (1970), Tafsiri Mathnawi Maulawi (Dāstāni qalahizāt al-uryā Deji Hushrobā). Tehrān, Intisharati Dāneshgah.
Hujwiri‚ ʻA. (1992)‚ Kashf al-Mahjub. Edited by Zhukovski‚ Tehrān, IntisharatI Tahouri.
Kāshefi, M.Ḥ.W. (2007)‚ Lobbilobābi Mathnawi. Edited by‛A. Soroosh. Tehran, Moassesei Farhangii Serat.
Qunawi‚ S. (2006)‚ Fokok (kelid i Asrar i Fosos al-Hekam). Edited by M. khwājavi‚ Tehrān, Intisharati Molā.
Rūmī, J. (1969), Fīhimāfīhi. Edited by B. Forūzānfar, Tehran, Intisharati Amir Kabir.
Id. (2008), Maqālāt-imaulānā. Edited by J. Modarres Ṣādeqi, Tehran, nashri Markaz.
Id. (1982), The Mathnawī of Jalālud’dīnRūmī. Edited and translated by R.A. Nicholson, 6 vols, London, Luzac.
Zarrinkub, ‛A. (1989) Serri Ney (Secret of the Reed). Tehran, Intisharati ‘Ilmi.