Analysis and criticism of the researches of German orientalists about the Ashura movement of Imam Hussein (peace be upon him)

Document Type : Scholary


عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه جامعة المصطفی



Imam Husayn and Ashura are among the topics that each of the Orientalists and Western Islamologists have paid attention to. The purpose of studying the opinions of the Orientalists regarding Ashura and Imam Husayn (peace be upon him) is to find out the goals and motives of the Orientalists. This article has been written with the aim of introducing and recognizing the research done on Imam Hussain (peace be upon him) and the research of German Orientalists. This article tries to answer the question with a descriptive-analytical method, what kind of image did the German Orientalists show to the audience of Imam Hussain (peace be upon him) and Ashura? The hypothesis of this article, which will actually be the answer to the main question of the research, is based on this statement. The extra-religious view, prejudice and access of German Orientalists to authentic Islamic sources have influenced their analysis and analysis in this field. The findings of the research show that the results of the studies of German Orientalists and Islamologists are different from the reality in some cases, and they have not been able to present a correct image of Imam Hussain and Ashura in the Shiite religion.


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