Global Ethics and Criticizing its Affirmative Approaches

Document Type : Scholary

Authors

1 Department of Ethics and Introduction to Islamic sources, Faculty of studies and Islamic thought , University of Tehran-Iran

2 Department of Ethics and Introduction to Islamic sources, Faculty of studies and Islamic thought , University of Tehran

Abstract

Global ethics is an area of study in social ethics which identifies “ethical commonalities” among religions and denominations and calls for the people’s reaching an understanding about and undertaking to it. The contemporary realities and challenges has turned global ethics into an inevitable necessity. Therefore, the declaration of global ethics has been approved by the delegates of the religions of the world in 1993. Ethical commonalities can be identifies both through inductive and argumentative methods. Inductive method pertains to the study of the schools of ethics and ethical rituals and case study of ethical commonalities. Since it has no bias to any special school it is mostly accepted; however it faces some criticisms like its being non-positive, lack of explaining the causal relationship among ethical phenomena, and lack of proposing a solution for ethical conflicts. Argumentative approach is based on human nature and identifies common and comprehensive ethical virtues through studying natural requirements. In spite of its epistemological value and offering positive results, argumentative method is not mostly acceptable, because it is not accepted by ethical non-realists as well as those who reject human nature. Global ethics requires that both approaches, which compensate for the weak points of each other,.

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